Endodontics is the branch of science that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the tissues surrounding the tooth, as well as the living tissues such as veins and nerves on the inside of the tooth, which is called dental pulp or dental pulp. The pulp part in the dentin layer has an important role in the development of teeth. If the caries on the teeth are not treated, the caries reaches the pulp and inflammation occurs.
The aim of endodontics, which is mentioned together with root canal treatment, is to protect the patient’s natural teeth. In addition, emergency treatment is provided for patients suffering from severe pain or swelling. Another factor that causes inflammation in the pulp region is trauma. A tooth squeezing another tooth or a blow from the outside can cause pulpitis. In addition, periodontal diseases can lead to inflammation of the pulp. Symptoms such as toothache, tenderness, pain during chewing are observed. Swelling may occur in various parts of the face. In such cases, the patient is at risk of losing his tooth. However, with root canal treatment, which is one of the endodontic treatments, the patient can avoid losing their tooth. In this respect, endodontics and root canal treatment are often used synonymously.
Why is endodontics important?
Bacteria happen in the oral cavity of every person. Bacteria that combine with most foods that are taken cause the formation of acids in the mouth. If these acids are not removed from the mouth, they damage the enamel and cause cavities. If the bruises in the enamel are not treated, these bruises pass into the dentin layer. Caries in the dentin layer cause pain. If the caries in the dentin layer are not treated despite these pains, they reach the pulp. After a certain period of time, it causes inflammation in the pulp.
What treatments does endodontics do?
Root canal treatment, endodontic surgical applications, pulp treatment, diagnosis and treatment of pulp-induced oral or facial pain, repetition of root canal treatment as a result of endodontic failure, whitening of teeth undergoing endodontic treatment, treatment of teeth that have suffered dental trauma, placement of post in the root canal cavity. , performs endodontic treatments in support of other treatments (prosthetic, periodontal and orthodontic).
What is the process of the treatment method?
The problem tooth is detected by taking radiolography. If the tooth is alive, anesthesia is given. The caries in the enamel and dentin layers of the tooth are cleaned. A cavity is created to reach the pulp. A rubber dam is attached to the tooth and isolated. Working length is determined with electronic instruments and confirmed by radiography. Infected dentin layers and microorganisms in the root canal are destroyed with rotary instrument systems. If the tooth is not alive at the beginning of the root canal treatment, it is waited for a certain time with a root canal antiseptic and root blood is filled in the next stage.
What is the success rate of the treatment?
After the root canal treatment, the tooth is disconnected from the surrounding tissues. Thus, the damage in the surrounding tissues is repaired and the infection does not occur again. Root canal treatment is performed with local anesthesia and pain is not felt. There may be minimal pain in the tooth after root canal treatment. This pain will disappear after a short time. The tooth should be protected for a while. If the right treatment method is applied, the success rate is 90%.