Dental Prosthesis

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They are artificial teeth made to correct the deteriorated natural tooth structure or to replace the teeth. Dental prostheses are made to keep the tissues healthy, aesthetically pleasing and comfortable. Dental prosthesis treatment, which is performed for reasons such as chewing disorder or deterioration of facial aesthetics, is a solution for all these problems.

What are the types of dental prosthesis?

-Removable prostheses (full or partial)

-Fixed prostheses (metal-supported or metal-free porcelain veneers)

-Fixed or removable prostheses on implants.

-Aesthetic (cosmetic) applications

-Prostheses fitted immediately after extraction (immediate)

-Prostheses made on natural tooth roots in the mouth (overdenture)

-Prostheses made in the loss of hard or soft tissue in the chin and face (maxillofacial)

-Treatment and appliances to relieve teeth clenching, grinding and jaw joint disorders

In which cases are dental prostheses applied?

Dentures prevent the displacement of the natural teeth remaining in the patient’s mouth. In case of loss of natural teeth, the teeth located next to the missing teeth and in the opposite jaw tend towards the gap formed. Since the natural appearance of these teeth is deteriorated, it becomes difficult to clean. At the same time, more weight begins to be felt during chewing. This causes tooth decay, gum problems and tooth loss.

Dentures made to replace missing teeth make chewing easier. Since people with missing teeth use only one side of their mouth, gum problems are seen on this side over time. On the other hand, since the foods cannot be grinded successfully, this leads to digestive problems. Tooth positions are very important in terms of speech action. Missing teeth repaired with a prosthesis allows speech to be corrected. On the other hand, missing teeth is also problematic in terms of facial aesthetics. Since the teeth support the lips and cheeks, they affect the appearance. Completing missing teeth with prosthesis is also very important for the aesthetic appearance of the face.

How to apply dentures?

The application of dental prostheses may vary according to the person’s oral structure, age and expectations. Considering all these issues, the appropriate prosthesis procedure is performed for the patient.

Removable prostheses: It is a type of prosthesis that can be easily attached and removed by the patient. These prostheses are supported by the tissues surrounding the teeth as well as the teeth remaining in the mouth. With the chewing load on the prosthesis, it is embedded in the soft tissues in the mouth, in other words, it moves. While this type of prosthesis is used for a few missing teeth, it can also be applied if all teeth are missing. Prostheses made with support from natural teeth and soft tissue are called “movable partial dentures”, and dentures that maintain their function by supporting the gums and palate in case all teeth are missing are called “full dentures”. Removable prosthesis types are palate prosthesis, implant supported full denture, parcel prosthesis, acetal application and precision prosthesis.

Fixed prostheses: It is the most preferred type of prosthesis in tooth deficiencies. In this application, some teeth need to be reduced to support the prosthesis. Fixed prostheses, like all other types of prostheses, vary according to the needs and expectations of the patient. Fixed prosthesis types are listed as crown crown, bridge, porcelain prosthesis with metal substructure, full metal, porcelain prosthesis with zirconium substructure and reinforced porcelain.